Top 20 Glossary Terms of Carpet and Rug


A glossary of carpet and rug you should know if you have carpet in your home. The world of Carpet and Rug Cleaning has its own terminology. If you have ever called professional to clean carpet then these are terms you may have heard.

Top 20 Glossary Of Carpet and Rug

Blooming: Blooming is the procedure wherein the carpet fibres untwist. Blooming may occur for several reasons, more commonly they include; improper cleaning, heat setting, poor maintenance and general wear and tear because of the progression of time.

Carpet Tiles: Carpet tiles are individual carpet squares that are found in a commercial setting because of the high level of durability. Carpet tiles are in solid colours, patterned or texture which can be removed for spot cleaning.

Crushing: Carpet crushing is also as matting, occurs when fibre of the carpet become bent, compressed and disfigured, usually due to high traffic and heavy furniture place in one place for a long time.

Denier: Denier means the total measurement of yarn per carpet area. Carpet with more denier has higher yarn count.

Face Weight: Similar to denier, face weight plays a vital role in the carpet’s performance and carpet durability. Face weight is the total weight of fibre per square yard of carpet.

Fluffing: While manufacturing the carpet, loose fibre left on the surface of the carpet. With time it will disappear with use and regular carpet cleaning.

Fibres: Fibre is the basic material used to manufacture carpet. Carpet fibres made of synthetic fibres like nylon, olefin, polyester and other types of a carpet made of natural fibre like wool, cotton, silk, and bamboo.

Fray: Fray in carpet often occurs when carpet fibre become damaged due to improper using of cleaning products and scrubbing.

Hot Water Extraction: It is high recommendable by professional for a hot water extraction cleaning to the carpet. The process agitates the carpet to break down the soil and grime buried deep down within the carpet fibres.

IICRC Certified Carpet Cleaning Technicians:

The IICRC is a certification and standard-setting non-profit organization for the inspection, cleaning, and restoration industries. In partnership with regional and international trade associates, the IICRC serves more than 25 countries with offices in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand and Japan. Toms Carpet Cleaning team of cleaning technicians are proudly IICRC certified.

Australian Carpet Classification Scheme (ACCS):

Australian Carpet Classification Scheme (ACCS) is an independent testing and grading scheme for carpet. This was established by the Carpet Institute of Australia.

Padding: Padding is the process of adding a layer of fabric that is laid on the subfloor before installing the carpet. Padding is essential to prolong the carpet life, appearance and quality.

Pile: Pile is the visible carpet fibres. There are different types and style of pile available but the most common type of pile is cut pile and loop pile.

Pile Reversal: Pile reversal is a disfiguration of the carpet when high traffic activity bends the carpet fibres in various directions. It is highly reversal at pivot points like doorways, and hallway corners.

Resilience: Carpet resistance to crushing and matting known as Resilience.

Rippling: Carpet develops wave-like and ruffled patterns due to excessive amounts of heat and humidity. It will be corrected by a professional by re-stretch the carpet.

Seam: It is a visible line where two separate carpets intersect is known as the seam. As the carpet is produced in 12 foot wide rolls so it is not possible to reduce the appearance of a seam.

Shedding: Shedding means the loss of carpet fibres and carpet tend to shed for many days. It was more common in cut pile and wool carpets and less in Synthetic fibre carpet. A regular vacuum will help in shedding on the carpet.

Soiling: Soiling occurs when dirt particle and germs build up in carpet fibres. Regular maintenance and yearly professional carpet cleaning services prevent soiling.

Tufting: Tufting is the foremost step in the manufacturing process, and is defined as the loop, cut or uncut, of the pile.

Here are the glossary terms in the Rug and Carpet Cleaning industry. If you any doubt about this glossary or want to clean your carpet then contact Toms Carpet Cleaning Melbourne.

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